NOTE: Event Horizon is used in production systems but the API is not final!
CQRS stands for Command Query Responsibility Segregation and is a technique where object access (the Query part) and modification (the Command part) are separated from each other. This helps in designing complex data models where the actions can be totally independent from the data output.
ES stands for Event Sourcing and is a technique where all events that have happened in a system are recorded, and all future actions are based on the events instead of a single data model. The main benefit of adding Event Sourcing is traceability of changes which can be used for example in audit logging. Additionally, “incorrect” events that happened in the past (for example due to a bug) can be compensated for with an event which will make the current data “correct”, as that is based on the events.